Types of Knitting Stitches | Essential to Learn for Textile Engineering Students
There are four principal types of knitting stitches utilized in knit fabrics. These are:
- Plain stitch
- Purl stitch
- Tuck stitch and
- Miss stitch
These four stitches or combination of them, appearing in the same fabric, form the basis of all kinds of knitted fabrics. In this post, I will focus on these four types of knitting stitches.
The plain stitch is the basic knitting stitch. It is also called the knit stitch. This stitch can be produced in circular of flat-knit form. This stitch is also the basis of the fabric called jersey because its construction is similar to that of turtleneck sweaters that were worn by English sailors from the island of Jersey. .
It is a slower and more costly technique. The purl stitch is actually the reverse of the plain or knit stitch. This stitch makes the fabric look same from both sides. The back of the jersey knit fabric is a purl stitch configuration. This stitch is sometimes called as the reverse knit stitch or the links-and-links stitch.
The third types of knitting stitches is tuck stitch which is formed when a knitting needle holds the old loop and then receives a new yarn. Two loops will then collect in the needle hook. The action may be repeated several more times but the yarns eventually will have to be cast off the needle and knitted. The resultant stitch is actually an elongated wale. Tuck stitches appear on the back of a fabric, and may be recognized as an inverted “V”. Sometimes elongated for two or more courses, depending on how many times the stitch was tucked. The tuck stitch is used in knitted fabrics to create design effects in color, raised surface texture or a hole. The tuck stitch also has a tendency to increase fabric weight, width and thickness.
A miss stitch is created when one or more knitting needles are deactivated and do not move into a position to accept a yarn. The yarn merely passes by and no stitch is formed. Since the unknit yarn passes or floats on the back of the fabric, it is sometimes called a float-stitch. A miss stitch can be recognized by the floating unknit yarn on the back of the fabric. The stitch is used to create color and fabric designs in the knitted fabric.
Although there are some other forms of knitting stitches, but these are the basic and most common types of knitting stitches.